Dying declaration

The dying declaration is legally recognised by Section 32 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872. It recognises the statements relevant to the case by a person who is dead or missing as an evidence. It is based on the assumption that no person would meet their maker with a lie on their mouth.
The dying declaration is based on two broad rules. The first is that the victim should be the only principal eyewitness to the crime and the second that is the sense of impending death, which creates a sanction equal to the obligation of an oath.

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