Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a clinical intervention technique that extends cardiac and respiratory support for people whose heart and lungs are unable to provide sufficient amount of gas exchange or profusion to support life. It acts as an artificial heart and lungs outside the body. It can remove carbon dioxide from the patient’s blood and add oxygen to it. Initially developed for infants and newborns, it is used in adults just the past 5 years.


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