Elephant Corridors in Odisha
The State Government of Odisha had identified 14 corridors in the state which are used by elephants during the course of their migration. However, there has been no update on the proposal for the identified corridors. These corridors are required to be protected.
- As there is no progress in the proposal regarding the corridor, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) has directed the state government to prepare an action plan within three months on 14 identified elephant corridors.
- This direction from NGT has come after the Wildlife Society of Orissa (WSO) asked for NGT intervention in the matter.
- The proposed Elephant corridors have a total spanning an area of 870.61 square km and a length of 420.8 km.
- Necessary legal actions will also be taken against the encroachers and those who violate the provisions of the Forest Conservation Act 1980 and the Indian Forest Act 1927 in the proposed corridors.
- This year, at least 42 elephants have lost their lives and 64 persons died in an animal-man conflict in Odisha.
The state government responded to NGT saying that the work of testing of the viability of the habitat and ground-truthing of the corridors was handed over to Asia Nature Conservation Foundation (ANCF) and it has also completed the task. The government has also asked for time from the tribunal for presenting the action plan.
National Green Tribunal (NGT)
It is a special tribunal set up to handle cases related to environmental issues. The tribunal was formed through the National Green Tribunal Act, 2010. India is the third country in the world to have such a special tribunal for environmental issues. The other two countries are New Zealand and Australia.
Written by IAS POINT