What is the second largest volcanic region on Mars?
The second largest volcanic region on Mars is approximately 1,700 by 2,400 km in size and is located on an uplift dome.
What are the three large volcanoes found in this region?
The three large volcanoes in this region are Hecates Tholus, Albor Tholus, and Elysium Mons.
What is the largest volcano in the region?
The largest volcano in the region is Elysium Mons, which measures 700 km across and rises 13 km above the surrounding plains.
Why is Elysium Planitia an important location for studying the deep Martian interior?
Elysium Planitia is a flat-smooth plain just north of the equator, which makes it a perfect location for studying the deep Martian interior.
What was the landing site of NASA’s InSight mission?
The landing site of NASA’s InSight mission was Elysium Planitia on November 26, 2018.
What is the evidence that suggests a more dynamic interior of Mars?
A new study published in Nature Astronomy shows evidence of what could be an active mantle plume beneath the surface of Mars.
Where is the mantle plume situated on Mars?
The mantle plume is situated underneath a low-lying area called Elysium Planitia that lies north to the equator.
What is a mantle plume?
A mantle plume is a large blob of molten rock that rises towards the surface from the interiors of a planet.
What is the significance of Elysium Planitia?
Elysium Planitia has experienced large volcanic eruptions in the last 200 million years and holds evidence of the youngest volcanic eruption on Mars.
What is the origin of the volcanic eruptions at Elysium Planitia?
The volcanic eruptions at Elysium Planitia originate from a set of fissures called Cerberus Fossae that stretch for more than 1278 kilometres (800 miles) across the planet’s surface.