Exercise Varuna

Phase II of the Varuna naval exercise, a long-standing bilateral naval collaboration between India and France, recently took place in the Arabian Sea. This exercise, initiated in 1993, featured guided missile frigates, a tanker, Maritime Patrol Aircraft, and integral helicopters from both navies. The primary objectives included refining war-fighting capabilities, enhancing interoperability, and showcasing their commitment to regional peace, security, and stability. Additionally, the exercise promoted operational-level engagement, emphasizing mutual cooperation to ensure security, safety, and freedom of global maritime areas.

Facts/Terms for UPSC Prelims

  • Guided Missile Frigates: Warships equipped with missile systems designed for both defense and offense, enhancing naval firepower and capabilities.
  • Maritime Patrol Aircraft: Specialized planes employed for reconnaissance, surveillance, and maritime security operations over large bodies of water.
  • Interoperability: The ability of different military systems, equipment, or units to work together efficiently and effectively.
  • Operational-Level Interaction: High-level engagement between military forces aimed at strategic planning and coordination for joint operations.
  • Global Maritime Commons: Refers to international waters and regions open for common use by all nations, emphasizing the need for security and freedom of navigation.

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