Ground Water Management and Regulation (GWMR) Scheme
The Ground Water Management and Regulation Scheme (GWMR) is a nationwide initiative launched by the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) in 2007-08. The aim of this scheme is to ensure the sustainable management and regulation of groundwater resources in India, which is critical for the country’s agricultural, industrial and domestic needs. The scheme covers a wide range of activities aimed at preserving and enhancing the groundwater resources in India.
Mapping the Country’s Aquifers
One of the primary objectives of the GWMR scheme is to map the country’s aquifers and determine the extent and nature of groundwater resources. This involves a comprehensive study of the geological, geomorphological and hydrological characteristics of the different aquifers in India. The results of this mapping exercise will provide a basis for effective and sustainable management of the country’s groundwater resources.
Monitoring Ground Water Levels and Quality
The GWMR scheme also aims to monitor ground water levels and quality across the country. This involves regular monitoring of groundwater levels in key locations, as well as continuous monitoring of groundwater quality parameters like pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), and other contaminants. The data collected through these monitoring activities is used to assess the health of groundwater resources, and to develop strategies for their management and protection.
Assessing Dynamic Ground Water Resources
Another important aspect of the GWMR scheme is the assessment of dynamic ground water resources. This involves studying the recharge and discharge of groundwater resources, and determining the quantity and quality of the groundwater resources available for exploitation. The information obtained through this assessment is used to make informed decisions regarding the sustainable management and use of groundwater resources.
Regulating and Controlling Ground Water Withdrawal
The GWMR scheme also aims to regulate and control groundwater withdrawal. This involves setting limits on the rate of groundwater extraction, and implementing measures to prevent over-exploitation of groundwater resources. This regulation is critical to ensure that the groundwater resources are not depleted and can continue to support the country’s needs into the future.
Implementing Demonstration Recharge Projects in Water-Stressed Areas
Another key component of the GWMR scheme is the implementation of demonstration recharge projects in water-stressed areas. These projects aim to increase the recharge of groundwater resources and demonstrate the feasibility of different recharge techniques. By implementing these projects, the scheme hopes to encourage wider adoption of recharge techniques and promote the sustainable management of groundwater resources.
Upgrading the Scientific Infrastructure
Finally, the GWMR scheme aims to upgrade the scientific infrastructure related to groundwater management and regulation. This involves improving the laboratory facilities, and strengthening the human resource and technical capacities of the CGWB. The upgraded infrastructure will enable the CGWB to better implement its programs and achieve its goals related to groundwater management and regulation.
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