India's Decision to Abstain from UNSC Resolution on Myanmar
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) recently passed a resolution on the situation in Myanmar, calling for an end to violence and the release of political prisoners, including President Win Myint and State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi. The resolution, proposed by the United Kingdom and passed by 12 votes, made references to the "ASEAN" process and the "five-point consensus" passed by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). However, India, along with Russia and China, abstained from voting and instead called for "quiet, patient" and "constructive" diplomacy with the military regime.
India's decision to abstain from voting
India's Permanent Representative Ruchira Kamboj explained that the UNSC resolution would only "entrench" the parties involved in Myanmar, and that Myanmar's neighbors, including India, would be greatly affected by the instability in the country. Kamboj also praised the UK for taking the views of neighbors and ASEAN countries into account while drafting the resolution, but stated that India could not support it.
Criticisms of India's position on the military junta
This is not the first time India has faced criticism for its position on the military junta in Myanmar. Last month, Foreign Secretary Vinay Kwatra made a visit to Myanmar to meet with government and military officials, but did not meet with members of the National Unity Government or civil society representatives. India and Sri Lanka also received demarches from the US and ASEAN countries after Prime Minister Narendra Modi participated in a virtual BIMSTEC summit that included a Myanmar Foreign Minister appointed by the military. Indonesian Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi appealed to India to "support ASEAN efforts," stating that distancing from the ASEAN-led process would not be effective in helping Myanmar out of its current political crisis.
India's commitment to the democratic process and well-being of the people in Myanmar
Despite the criticisms and calls for support for ASEAN efforts, India has reiterated its commitment to the democratic process and the well-being of the people in Myanmar. In her explanation of India's decision to abstain from the vote, Kamboj emphasized these commitments.
What a UPSC Aspirant should know?
- Can u explain this issue and logic behind stance of India, China and Russia?
- Can u suggest what can be done towards engaging a "quiet, patient" and "constructive" diplomacy with the military regime?
India has faced criticism for its position on the military junta in Myanmar, with some calling for the country to support ASEAN efforts to address the political crisis. However, India has maintained its commitment to the democratic process and the well-being of the people in Myanmar.
Written by princy