International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict

On 6th November, International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict is observed. In the year 2001, the resolution to observe this day was passed.

Highlights

All kinds of armed conflicts in all parts of the world have caused deaths. There is much debate about this aspect of war, but the environmental impact of war has not been an urgent issue for many. To raise this awareness, the General Assembly of the United Nations declared in the year 2001 that November 6 be observed as International Day to prevent the exploitation of the environment in war and armed conflict. In the year 2016, The United Nations Environment Assembly passed a resolution identifying the role of a healthy environment in reducing the likelihood of armed conflict.

Need for this day

As an example, UNEP cites wars in conflict areas such as Afghanistan, Iraq and Colombia, which has led to a serious devaluation of natural resources. In Afghanistan, deforestation has increased by 95% in some parts of the country. All conflicts cause burnt carcasses, polluted water, damaged forests, and numerous dead animals. According to the UNEP, at least 40% of internal conflicts over the last 60 years have been associated with natural resources exploitation.

Therefore, the main theme of the day is to minimize the impact of conflicts and wars on the environment. Each year, this day is used to raise awareness of the need and opportunities to protect ecosystems, even during the most difficult times. The purpose of this day is divided into two parts. The first is to manage conflicts over high quality environmental resources such as oil, gold, diamonds, wood and other scarce resources.  Second, the United Nations recognizes that peace is not possible for a long time if the natural resources which supports the lives of the people are damaged, and the environmental aspects of war and conflict hence, the perspectives of prevention, peacekeeping and peacebuilding is very important.

Written by IAS POINT

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