India is home to diverse flora and fauna, and forests play a crucial role in conserving the country’s biodiversity. The Forest Survey of India (FSI) conducts regular assessments of the country’s forest cover and reports the findings in its biennial reports. The latest report, ISFR 2021, reveals some promising statistics about the country’s forest cover. In this article, we will discuss the key findings of the ISFR 2021 report and highlight the increase in tree and forest cover in Delhi.
Forest Cover in India:
The ISFR 2021 report shows that India’s forest cover has increased by 1540 square kilometers, which is an increase of 0.21% since the last assessment in 2019. The total forest cover in the country is now at 7,13,789 square kilometers, which is 21.72% of the country’s geographical area. This increase in forest cover is a result of afforestation drives, conservation efforts, and sustainable forest management practices undertaken by the government and other stakeholders.
Tree Cover in India:
Apart from forest cover, the ISFR 2021 report also assesses tree cover in the country. The report shows that the tree cover has increased by 721 square kilometers, which is an increase of 1.05% since the last assessment in 2019. The total tree cover in the country is now at 95,027 square kilometers, which is 2.91% of the country’s geographical area. The increase in tree cover is also attributed to afforestation drives, green initiatives, and urban forestry programs.
Forest Cover and Tree Cover in Delhi:
The Central Government, in an affidavit filed before the Delhi High Court, has stated that the ISFR 2021 report shows a significant increase in tree and forest cover in Delhi. The report reveals that the tree and forest cover in Delhi has increased from 151 square kilometers in 2001 to 342 square kilometers in 2021. This is an increase of 23.06% of forest area over the past 2 decades.
Reasons for Increase in Tree and Forest Cover:
The increase in tree and forest cover in Delhi can be attributed to various factors, such as afforestation drives, plantation programs, and conservation efforts. The Delhi Government has undertaken several initiatives to increase green cover in the city, such as the flagship “Green Delhi” program, which aims to plant 3 million trees in the city by 2025. The government has also implemented various policies and programs to promote sustainable forest management practices and conserve the city’s biodiversity.
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