January 23: Parakram Diwas

It was announced recently by the government of India that the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose will now be celebrated as “Parakram Diwas”.


  • Parakram Diwas means Courage Day.
  • Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897. Hence, January 23 has been chosen as the courage day.
  • This announcement was made while celebrating the 125th anniversary of the Netaji.
  • In order to mark the 125th anniversary, the Central Government and the Bengal Government will begin the yearlong celebrations.

About Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose

  • He was an Indian nationalist born in Cuttack.
  • He got his degree in philosophy.
  • He was also selected for the Indian Civil Services (ICS). But he refused to join it in the year 1921 citing that he did not want to work under the British Government.
  • Following this, he joined the Indian National Congress in 1921.
  • He also started his own newspaper with the name “Swaraj”.
  • He wrote a book that covers the Indian Independence Movement for 1920 to 1942. The book has been titled as “The Indian Struggle”. It was published in London in 1935.
  • He coined the term “Jai Hind”

Role of Netaji during independence struggle

After joining the Indian National Congress, Netaji was prisoned for two years in 1925 because of his several nationalist activities. He was released in the 1927. Then, he became the general secretary of the Indian National Congress and started working with Jawahar Lal Nehru for India’s Independence. He later arrested in charge of Civil Disobedience.  In the year 1939, he formed the All India Forward Bloc under the Indian National Congress which was having the aim of consolidating the Political left. He also founded the Indian Legion which comprised of 4,500 Indian soldiers. However, these soldiers were arrested from North Africa by Germany. In the year 1943, Netaji left for Japan where he revived the Indian National Army. The Indian National Army supported the Japanese army to invade the Northeast India.


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