Kessler Effect

Kessler Effect or Kessler Syndrome is the potential for an amount of debris in the orbit to reach a critical mass where each collision creates more pieces of debris in a cascading way, to a point where the orbit become inhospitable for space activity.
With the growing number of space debris there is an increasing possibility that a single tiny collision could trigger a big chain reaction. To prevent this threat, space missions are pre-planned to either send them to a graveyard orbit or return it back down to be burned up in EarthÂ’s atmosphere.

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