Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter was launched in 2005 by NASA to study the geology and climate of Mars and provide reconnaissance for future landing sites on the planet. It sought to observe present climate, search for signs of water and its impact on the plantÂ’s topography etc. It also provides data on safety and feasibility of future landing sites and Mars rover traverses.
The probe released new images of Mars that showed the different features of the red planet in great detail. One of the images showed a layered rock formation within Jiji Crater that has eroded into buttes and stair-like layers on Martian surface.