Martian Moons eXploration (MMX) mission

The Martian Moons eXploration (MMX) mission is to be launched in 2024 to return the first sample from the Mars’ largest moon Phobos. It was announced in 2015 and developed by the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency.
The mission will also conduct Deimos flyby and monitor the Martian climate. It seeks to find out whether the Martian moons are captured asteroids or the result of a larger body hitting Mars. It will also help study traces of Martian life and assess the habitability of the Martian atmosphere. Exploration of Mars’ moons will enable improved understanding of Mars’ capacity to support crewed missions to the Red Planet.

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