Martyrdom Day of the ninth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Tegh Bahadur, is being observed on November 24, 2020. The martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur is remembered as Shaheedi Divas.
Guru Tegh Bahadur had sacrificed his life on November 24, 1675. He sacrificed his life to protect the religion, human values, ideals and principles.
Guru Tegh Bahadur was the ninth Guru of the Sikh religion. He was born in 1621 at Amritsar. He was the youngest son of Guru Hargobind. His term as Guru started from the year 1665 and concluded in the year 1675. The Guru Granth Sahib comprise of one hundred and fifteen hymns by him.
Tegh Bahadur was the youngest son of Guru Hargobind. Guru Hargovind was the sixth guru. Earlier, the name of Tegh Bahadur was Tyaga Mal. Later he came to be known as Tegh Bahadur. Tegh Bahadur name was given to him by Guru Hargobind. Guru Hargobind gave him the new name after he showed his values in a battle against the Mughals. Tegh Bahadur was born and brought up in Sikh culture. He also had the knowledge of old classics including Vedas, Upanishads and Puranas. Tegh Bahadur was married Mata Gujri.
Guru Tegh Bahadur have contributed many hymns to Guru Granth Sahib. He also contributed Saloks or couplets to it. He visited various parts of Mughal Empire. He was asked by Gobind Sahali to construct several Sikh temples in Mahali. He has worked upon 116 shabads and 15 ragas. His work cover a wide range of topics including the nature of God, human attachments, body, mind, sorrow, Service, dignity and death.