Muharram is the Islamic New Year celebrated by Muslims across the globe. It is one of the four sacred months of the year for Muslims. It is the first month of the Islamic calendar and the second most religious after Ramadan.
Muharram literally means forbidden. It marks the anniversary of the battle of Karbala, which witnessed the martyrdom of the Islamic Prophet Muhammads grandson Hussain Ibn Ali. It also marks the time when Prophet Muhammad migrated from Mecca to Medina, which is known as Hijrah. During Muharram, Shia Muslims practice Latyma (chest beating) and some even self-flagellate and cut their foreheads. Sunni Muslims do not follow this ritual