National Democratic Front of Bodoland- Key Facts

The Chief Minister of Assam, Sarbananda Sonowal, distributed Rs four lakh fixed term deposit certificates to 1279 surrendered NDFB militants of all the four cadres.  The government has a plan to provide the certificates to 1615 National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) cadres.  These fixed term deposit certificates are being provided with the objective of enabling them to take bank loans for agriculture, livestock farming and to set the small industries. This will also help in taking advantage of the several government schemes.

About National Democratic Front of Bodoland

  • It is an armed separatist group.
  • The group was active with the objective of obtaining a sovereign Boroland for the Bodo people.
  • The government has designated the group as a terrorist organisation by the Government of India.
  • The group is involved in several attacks in Assam that targets the non-Bodo civilians and the security forces.
  • The group particularly target the Santhal, Munda and Oraon tribals whose ancestors were brought to Assam to work as tea labourers during British Raj.
  • The group is now involved in targeting the Bangladeshi migrants in the Boro territory.

Background

Origin of the National Democratic Separatist Group trace back to Bodo Security Force. The Bodo Security Force was a militant group that was established in the year 1986. In the year 1994, its name was changed to the NDSG. The new name was accorded after this group rejected the Bodo Accord.

Bodo Accord

This agreement was signed between the All-Bodo Students Union of Assam and the National Democratic Front of Bodoland. After this agreement was signed, the Indian government has announced Rs 1,500 crore package for the development of the Bodo Areas of Assam.

Bodos

This is the largest tribal community in the state of Assam. Their population accounts for 5% to 6% of the total population in Assam. They speak the Boro Language which is one among the 22 official Indian languages prescribed under the Indian Constitution.