National Digital Health Mission (NDHM)
National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) is an agency of the Indian government which is looking for or aiming to provide a medical identity document to Indian citizens.
Key Points for UPSC Prelims
- In response to the National Health Policy’s goals to adopt digital technologies, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare constituted a committee headed by J. Satyanarayana to develop a framework for the National Health Stack.
- This committee produced the National Digital Health Blueprint (NDHB), with the action plan to holistically implement digital health. NDHB further evolved into the National Digital Health Mission.
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the establishment of the National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) on Independence Day 2020.
- The mission aims to create a national digital health ecosystem that supports universal health coverage, collaborating with other government programs, including the Ayushman Bharat Yojana and the Aadhaar identification program.
- NDHM includes healthcare registry, health ID, telemedicine, Digi-doctor, and e-Pharmacy.
Health Data Management Policy of NDHM approved
- The central government has approved the health data management policy of the National Digital Health Mission (NDHM). This policy of NDHM sets the minimum standards for the protection of data privacy to be followed across the board to ensure compliance with applicable rules, regulations, and laws.
- This health policy acts as a guide across the National Digital Health Ecosystem (NDHE).
- As per the document, the data collected across NDHE will be stored at the central, state/UT, and health facility levels following the principle of minimality at every point.
Ayushman Bharat Yojana
Ayushman Bharat Yojana is a scheme of the Indian government with an aim to provide universal health coverage. It was recommended by the National Health Policy 2017. It has two components- Health and Wellness Centres and the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY).
The Indian government announced the creation of a total of 1,50,000 Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) in February 2018.
On September 23, 2018, Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY) was launched at Ranchi, Jharkhand by PM Modi. PMJAY aims to provide free healthcare to around 10.74 crores of poor and vulnerable families, which is equal to 40% of the population of India.
Written by IAS POINT