National Register of Citizens (NRC)
As the name suggests, the National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a register/record of all Indian citizens. The creation of NRC was made mandatory by an amendment in the Citizenship Act, 1955 in the year 2003. The main aim of maintaining NRC is to keep records of all legal Indian citizens and identify the illegal ones, remove them from electoral lists and deport them.
- In the year 2013, Assam Sanmilita Mahasangha & Ors and Assam Public Works filed a writ petition in the Supreme Court demanding to remove the names of illegal migrants from voter lists in Assam.
- In 2014, the apex court ordered the updation of the NRC, in accordance with the Citizenship Act, 1955 and Citizenship Rules, 2003 in all parts of Assam. Though the process was officially launched in the year 2015.
- The final NRC for 3.3 crore applicants was released on August 31, 2019, with over 1.9 million applicants failing to be listed in the register. Out of 1.9 million excluded from the list, approximately 5.56 lakh are Hindus, and more than 11 lakh are Muslims.
- After several protests, the Home Ministry declared that the NRC will be carried out again in Assam.
Assam NRC not final yet
Recently, Assam’s NRC (National Register of Citizens) Coordinator told the Guwahati High Court that the final NRC is yet to be published by the Registrar General of India (RGI). Before this, an NRC was published in August 2019 was considered the final NRC of the state. The NRC coordinator of Assam has now termed the 2019 NRC as the supplementary NRC and said that it included names of 4700 ineligible people.
NRC In India
The government of India has planned to implement NRC in all the states of the country to identify illegal citizens. However, no details have been provided on the same till now.