One Health Consortium
The One Health Consortium was launched in October 2021. It was launched by the Department of Biotechnology.
Key Facts for UPSC Examination
- The One Health Consortium was launched to monitor parasitic, bacterial, viral and transboundary pathogens in India. The survey includes north eastern parts as well.
- It will also monitor the technological updates in diagnostic tests. And also, about the methodologies involved in conducting surveillance.
- It was launched in the backdrop of COVID-19
- It adopts One Health Approach
One Health Approach
Under One Health Approach, the health of animals, people and environment are all take into consideration. The health of one factor affects the other. The health of these factors is interconnected. The practice and activities in one affect the other.
About One Health Consortium
There are twenty-seven organisations in One Health Consortium. It is operated by National Institute of Animal Biotechnology, Hyderabad. The other participants are Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), AIIMS Jodhpur, AIIMS Delhi, GADVASU Ludhiana, TANUVAS Chennai, IVRI Bareilly, Assam agricultural and veterinary University.
Why One Health approach?
One Health Approach is important to contain zoonotic diseases. It helps to understand the health of humans and wildlife. This is important in minimising the damage caused by the pandemics.
The capability of the pathogens to jump the barriers of the species has increased. This creates devastating impact on animals, humans, economies and health systems. And the damages require years of economic and social recovery. Therefore, there is an urgent need of One Health Consortium to take precautionary measures to minimise the damages.