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Social and Religious Reforms and the Main Reformers

During the nineteenth century, India witnessed the emergence of many intellectual currents for national regeneration including in its religious, social, cultural, economic and political aspects. In practice the main emphasis was accorded to ..

Commercialisation of Agriculture

The new land settlements introduced by the British brought about a revolution in the property relations. Along with this, a commercial revolution, known as the commercialisation of agriculture, began to take shape in ..

Features of Economic Exploitation of India under British Rule

Decline of the Handicraft Industries Before the advent of European colonialism, India was a land of extensive manufactures with Indian artisans achieving worldwide fame for their skills. In fact the reason for ..

Subsequent Developments in the Field of Education

While renewing the Charter in 1833 the British Parliament increased the sum of money to one million yearly from the one lakh in 1813 to be spent on education in India. When ..

Development of Education under British Rule

Oriental-Anglicist Controversy on the system of Education in India One of the most significant things the British did to Westernise India was to introduce a modified version of English education but this was ..

Cultural Effects of the First Century of British Rule

The cultural effects of British influence during the century from 1757 to 1857 , though less spectacular, were in the long run far-reaching. At first there was very little impact. But as the ..

The First Century of British Influence

Summary The onset of British influence in India differed both in manner and in kind from that of other historical invasions. The British did not come either as a migrating group seeking ..

Lord Dalhousie

Lord Dalhousie’s reign is regarded as an exercise in imperialism but it was also an exercise in Westernism. Dalhousie was a man of great drive and strong conviction. In general, he considered Western ..

Rise of Ranjit Singh and British Takeover of Punjab

Rise of Ranjit Singh Ranjit Singh was the son of the Sukerchakia misl chief, Mahan Singh. He was only 12 years of age when his father died in 1792. He inherited a ..

Continued Expansion of the British Empire

Even after the settlement of 1818 , some parts of the subcontinent remained out of British control. These included the Himalayan states to the north, the valley and hill tracts of Assam ..