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Lord William Bentinck

The real breakthrough, however, came with the governor generalship of Lord William Bentinck (1828-1835). Bentinck was a radical aristocrat. His administrative reforms were in line with utilitarian theory but with ..

Administrative Changes in the First Half of the 19th  Century

From the year 1806 the Company trained its young recruits in Haileybury College near London. Earlier the Fort William College had been founded in Calcutta on 24th  Nov. 1800, where the civil servants received training ..

The Permanent Settlement of Land

Revenue and the Emerging British System Cornwallis’s permanent settlement of land revenue, in the year 1793 , was the most far reaching measure since three-quarters of the revenue came from the land. ..

Organisation and Policy in British India

The organisational measures adopted by the administrators of the first three decades of the 19th century established British India in essentially the form that continued till 1947. The major role was played by ..

The Government of Lord Hastings

The end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 strengthened the commercial and economic arguments for complete supremacy by removing all fear of the French. The Pindari raids, which grew year ..

The Government of Lord Minto

The decade after Wellesley was an interlude in the development of British rule. During that period both Sindhia and Holkar plundered the chiefs of Rajasthan, thus in a sense preparing them to be ..

The Government of Lord Wellesley

Lord Mornington (later Marquess Wellesley), combined the convictions of the imperialist group with a mandate to deal with the French. Wellesley was thus able to use this fear of the French as a ..

The Mysore Wars

The Mysore Wars, fought between 1767 and 1799 were the gravest threats to British rule, after they had established their supremacy in south India during the Carnatic Wars. There were ..

British Relations with the Marathas and Mysore

The Maratha Wars After Clive’s settlement in 1765, the East India Company had no desire for any further acquisitions. Its primary object was still trade; it regarded the acquisition of ..

Pitt’s India Act 1784

In the year 1780 the company’s privileges ran out, but this was during the crisis of the American Revolution, so a decision by the British government was delayed until 1784. ..