Palaeoloxodon antiquus

The straight-tusked elephant (Palaeoloxodon antiquus) is an extinct species of elephant that lived in Europe and Western Asia during the Middle and Late Pleistocene period. The species lived some 1.5 million to 100,000 years ago. Its height is around 4 meters and weighs an estimated 11.3 to 15 tonnes. There are evidences showing that these elephants were hunted by humans.
Paleontologists have discovered tracks and trackways of newborns, calves and juveniles attributed to straight-tusked elephant at the Upper Pleistocene site in Huelva, Spain. These animals lived in Mediterranean evergreen woodland, which was widespread during the interglacial period. They replaced steppe mammoth (Mammuthus trogontherii) during the Middle Pleistocene.


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