Report on Vital Statistics of India based on the Civil Registration System

The 2018 report on “Vital statistics of India based on the Civil Registration System” has been recently published by the Registrar-General of India.


The key findings of the report are listed below:

  1. The report highlights that, Arunachal Pradesh have the best sex ratio in the country.
  2. Arunachal Pradesh recorded 1,084 females born per thousand males.
  3. Arunachal Pradesh is followed by Nagaland where 965 females born per thousand males.
  4. Nagaland is followed by Mizoram (964/1000), Kerala (963/1000) and Karnataka (957/1000).
  5. As per the report, worst sex ratio was reported in Manipur (757/1000).
  6. Manipur is followed by Lakshadweep (839/1000) and Daman & Diu (877/1000), Punjab (896/1000) and Gujarat (897/1000).
  7. According to the report, the number of registered births has increased to 2.33 crore in 2018 when compared to 2.21 crore registered births in the year 2017.
  8. The report further highlights that the level of registration of births has increased to 89.3% in 2018 when compared to 81.3% in the year 2009.

Registration of births

The prescribed time limit for registering the birth or death is 21 days. However, Some States register the births and deaths even after a year. The births and deaths that are being reported after one year of occurrence needs to be registered only on an order of the Magistrate of the First Class after verifying it.

Sex ratio

Sex ratio measures the proportion of females to males in a given population. It refers to the number of females born per 1,000 males.

Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India

The office of registrar general and census commissioner of India  was founded by the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India in the year 1961. The office was founded in order to arrange, conduct and analyze the results of the demographic surveys of India. It also conduct the Census and Linguistic Survey of India. The position is usually held by a civil servant of rank of Joint Secretary.