Section 377

Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code is a legislation that criminalizes homosexuality. Introduced in 1861 by the British colonial regime, the legislation identifies “unnatural offences” committed by individuals who voluntarily have carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal. The offence under this law can result in life imprisonment.
In 2018, the Supreme Court has decriminalized Section 377, allowing consensual gay sex. It held that the act goes against Article 14 and 21 of the Indian Constitution. Recently, the third anniversary of this landmark ruling was observed. It is also 20 years since its constitutional validity was challenged in 2009.


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