Tenth Schedule of the Constitution
The Tenth Schedule of the Indian Constitution was introduced by the 52nd Amendment Act, 1985 to stop political defections motivated by the lure of office or other such considerations that endanger the foundations of Indian democracy. Popularly known as anti-defection law, it specifies the circumstances under which changing of political parties by legislators becomes unlawful.
The law covers various scenarios that may result in the disqualification of the Member of either House of Parliament or of the State Legislature who is found to have defected from continuing as Member of the House. Its provisions include defection by independent MLA as well.