‘Vision 2035: public health surveillance in India’ is a white paper released by NITI Aayog. It is part of its work to strengthen health systems in India. The paper calls for integration of the 3 tiers of healthcare system in India (primary, secondary and tertiary) into Ayushman Bharat. It also calls for enhanced lab capacity and expanded referral network. It proposes the use of a new data sharing mechanism involving the use of analytics, health informatics and data science.