Armenia and Azerbaijan Sign Russia-Brokered Peace Deal

Armenia and Azerbaijan signed a peace deal on November 10, 2020. The deal was signed so as to end the ongoing conflict between these two  countries. The peace deal  was brokered by Russia.

Highlights

Armenia and Azerbaijan were trapped into military conflict since past six weeks. So, this peace deal was signed by Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashiyan which was led by the Russian President Vladimir Putin. As per the deal, these two countries will have to maintain the current positions in the areas as they are currently holding. This will be a significance gain to Azerbaijan.

Russia-Brokered deal

Azerbaijan had reclaimed over 15-20% of its lost territory in the conflict. According to the new deal, the countries will have to maintain the current positions  as they are holding. Under the agreement, Russian peace keepers will be deployed. Further,  the military operations of the countries will be suspended. The Russian peace keepers, 2000 in number, will be deployed in LAchin corridor and along the line of contact in Nogorno-Karabakh. The two countries will also exchange prisoners.  Refugees and the internally displaced persons will also be returned to their r= respective regions.

Nogorno-Karabakh Region

This region is internationally considered a part of Azerbaijan. But, most of the region is controlled by Armenian separatists. The region has been part of the Azerbaijan since the Soviet Era.  After the Soviet Union began to collapse, the regional parliament of Armenia voted in the favour of region to be transfer to Armenia.