Employee State Insurance Corporation is the healthcare wing of the labour ministry. It provides primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare services to millions of industrial workers by operating around 1,520 ESI dispensaries and 159 hospitals. Of these, 45 dispensaries and 49 hospitals are directly run by ESIC and the remaining is managed by respective state governments with the ESIC funding. The Corporation has recently announced that it is going to directly run all the newly constructed hospitals without giving them to states.

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