Guru Tegh Bahadur
Guru Tegh Bahadur, the youngest son of Guru Hargobind, was the ninth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion from 1665 to 1675. He was born in Amritsar on April 1, 1621.
- The original name of the Guru was Tyaga Mal and Guru Hargobind gave the name of Tegh Bahadur (Mighty of the Sword), after his bravery in a battle against the Mughals.
- In the year 1675, Guru Tegh Bahadur sacrificed his life to protect religion and principles. He was killed on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
- His martyrdom is remembered and observed as the ‘Shaheedi Divas of Guru Tegh Bahadur’ every year on 24 November.
- Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib in Delhi is the site of execution of Guru Tegh Bahadur and Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib is his cremation site.
- Guru Tegh Bahadur contributed many hymns to the ‘Granth Sahib’. He was also called as ‘Hind di Chaadar’, which means ‘Shield of India’.
- The famous holy city Anandpur Sahib was also founded by Guru Tegh Bahadur.
Martyrdom Day of Guru Tegh Bahadur 2020
Like every, November 24 2020 was observed as Martyrdom Day of Guru Tegh Bahadur. President Ram Nath Kovind paid tributes to him. Many other leaders extended tributes to him.