Highlights of the NSS report- “Time use in India 2019”

NSS report- ‘Time Use Survey’, which was a first of its kind, was recently conducted by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI).


  • The survey was conducted between January 2019 and December 2019.
  •  1.39 lakh households comprising 4.47 lakh persons over the age of six were listed.

About the report

  • The primary objective of the survey is to measure the participation of men and women in paid and unpaid activities.
  • It provides information on time spent in unpaid caregiving activities, volunteer work, unpaid domestic service-producing activities of the household members.
  • Survey also highlights the information on time spent on learning, socializing, leisure activities and self-care activities by the households.

Key Findings

  • 38.2 % of the population participates in “employment and other related activities. They spend 429 minutes or 7 hours and 9 minutes each day.
  • Gender disparity:  Only 18.4% women participate in employment activities when compared with 57.3 % men.
  • Men spend on an average 459 minutes or 7 hours and 39 minutes while women spend only 333 minutes or 5 hours and 33 minutes.
  • Unpaid domestic work– women’s  participation in unpaid domestic services such as cooking, cleaning, household management, for household members is 81.2% each day as compare to 26.1 % for men. Women spend 299 minutes that is almost 5 hours on unpaid domestic services which is thrice as much as men 97 minutes or 1 hour 37 minutes.
  • Care-giving activities– Only 14 per cent of men participate in unpaid care giving services for household members by spending 76 minutes a day on an average. While share of women is double at 27.6 % and they also spend more than 120 minutes in such care-giving.
  • As per the survey, Indians do not like to be unpaid volunteers or trainees or to take part in community or organization-based unpaid volunteering.  Only, 2.4 % of the respondents volunteer for such work
  • Participation in socializing and communication through chatting, conversing and community participation  in gatherings and religious participation is high at 91.3 % spending around 143 minutes each day on an average.
  • Participation in culture, leisure, mass-media and sports practices through reading, and watching television is  high at 86.9 % spending  165 minutes per day on an average.