Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan

Jayaprakash Narayan was an Indian independence activist. He is popularly called Lok Nayak. Also, he is called as the “Hero of Quit India Movement”.

Awards

He was awarded the Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1999. In 1965, he received the Magsaysay award.

Total Revolution

He is known for his opposition against Indira Gandhi government in 1970s. He called her overthrow as “Total Revolution”.

Politics

Jayaprakash did his post-graduation in sociology in USA. He returned to India in 1929 as Marxist. Mahatma Gandhi was his mentor. He actively participated in Civil Disobedience movement and Quit India movement. He served as the General Secretary of Congress Socialist Party in 1930s. He was the the Chairman of Anugrah Samrak Nidhi. Also, he served as the president of All India Railwaymen’s Federation between 1947 and 1953.

Sites named after JP

The Patna Airport, Jayaprakash Nagar in Mysore, Digha-Sonpur bridge across river Ganga in Bihar, JP Nagar in Bangalore and Loknayak Express are few sites named after Jayaprakash Narayan.

Personal life

Jayaprakash Narayan was born in a small village Sitabdiara in Bihar. His father was a junior officer in the Canal department of the State Government. He was married to 14-year-old Prabhavati Devi when he was 18-years old. Prabhavati was an activist herself.

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