The Humboldt penguin is a South American penguin endemic to the Pacific coasts of Peru and Chile. It is mainly found in the Pingüino de Humboldt National Reserve in the North of Chile. It is closely related to the African penguin, the Magellanic penguin and the Galápagos penguin.
Humboldt penguins are capable of withstanding warmer climates. This capacity is obtained from the large, bare skin patches around these penguins’ eyes. Their name is derived from the fact that these penguins’ habitat is located close to the Humboldt Current – a large oceanic upwelling characterized by cold waters.