Ischaemum janarthanamii is a newly identified species of grass in the plateaus of Western Ghats in Goa. It is a type of Indian Muraingrasses, noted for their economic and ecological importance. The species have been found to survive harsh conditions like low nutrient availability ad is known to flower every monsoon. Of the 85 known species of Ischaemum grasses, 61 are found only in India. Of this, 40 species are found in Western Ghats- one of the 4 internationally recognized hotspots in India.