The Islamic State in Khorasan Province (ISIS-K) is the regional affiliate of the Islamic State. It was founded in 2015 at the height of the militant groups power in Iraq and Syria. “Khorasan” refers to the historic region covering parts of the current-day Afghanistan and Pakistan. It claimed to be responsible for the recent deadly attack outside the Kabul airport.
The extremist group initially included Pakistani jihadists until a separate Pakistan section was declared in May 2019. It is based in the eastern province of Nangarhar, at close proximity with drug and people-smuggling routes connecting Pakistan.