Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY)
The Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) has been recast as the Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY) with effect from 1.4.1999 to impart a thrust to creation of rural infrastructure. While the JRY resulted in creation of durable assets, the overriding priority of the programme was the creation of wage employment. The funds are directly released to the Gram Panchayat the JGSY is implemented as a CSS with funding in the ratio of 75:25 between the Centre and the States.
The primary objective of JGSY is creation of demand driven community villa infrastructure including durable assets at the village level and assets to enable the rural poor to increase the opportunities for sustained employment. The secondary objective is generation of supplementary employment for the unemployed poo in the rural areas. The wage employment under the programme is given to Below
Poverty Lines (BPL) families
Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS)
The Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) was launched on 2nd October, 1993 in 1772 identified backward blocks of 257 districts situated in drought prone, desert, tribal and hill areas where the Revamped Public Distribution System (RPDS) was in operation. The programme was subsequently extended to more blocks and thereafter was universalised.
The EAS was restructured w.e.f. 1999-2000 to make it the single wage employment programme. The programme was implemented as a CSS on a cost sharing ratio of 75:25 between the Centre and States.
The primary objective of the EAS was creation of additional wage employment opportunities during the period of acute shortage of wage employment through manual work for the rural poor living below the poverty line. The secondary objective was the creation of durable community, social and economic assets for sustained employment and development.
Priority would be given to the works of soil and moisture conservation, minor irrigation, rejuvenation of drinking water sources and augmentation of ground water, traditional water harvesting structures, works related to watershed schemes (not watershed development), formation of rural roads linking villages with other villages/block headquarters and roads linking the villages with agricultural fields, drainage works and forestry.
During 1999-2000, a total allocation of Rs.2431.46 crore was made under EAS and an expenditure of Rs.1998.26 crore was incurred. As against the target of 4091.63 lakh man-days, 2566.39 lakh man-days were generated. A Central outlay of Rs.1300.00 crore has been provided for EAS for 2000-01.
National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)
The NSAP was launched with effect from 15th August, 1995 as a 100 per cent Centrally Sponsored Scheme with the aim to provide social assistance benefit to poor households in the case of old age, death of primary breadwinner and maternity. This represents a significant step to Directive Principles in Articles 41 & 42 of the Constitution. There are three components of the NSAP namely; (i) National Old Age Pension Scheme (NOAPS),
(ii) National Family Benet Scheme (NFBS) and (iii) National Maternity Benefit Scheme (NMBS).
The NSAP is implemented by the State/UT Governments Panchayats and municipal functionaries. e Gram Panchayat have an active role in the identification of beneficiaries under NSAP. The NSAP also provides opportunities for linking social assistance packages to anti-poverty programmes and schemes for provision of basic needs e.g. the old age pension can be linked to medical care and other benefits for the old and poor, family benefit beneficiaries can be assisted under SGSY while maternity assistance could be linked with maternal and child care programmes.
As against an allocation of Rs.767.05 crore made under NSAP during 1999-2000, an expenditure of Rs.596.99 crore was incurred up to December, 1999. A Central allocation of Rs.715.00 crore has been earmarked for the scheme in 2000-01.
National Old Age Pension
Old age pension of Rs.75 per month, per beneficiary is provided to person of 65 Scheme (NOAPS) years and above who is a destitute in the sense of having little or no regular means of subsistence from his/her own sources of income or through support from family members or other sources.
National Family Benet Scheme (NFBS)
A sum of Rs.10,000 is provided in the case death of primary breadwinner due to natural or accidental causes. The family benefit is paid to such surviving member of the household of deceased who, after local enquiry, is determined to be the Head of the household. The primary breadwinner is deed as a member, whose earnings contribute substantially to the household income and who is more than 18 years and less than 65 years of age. The bereaved household should qualify as a BPL according to the criteria prescribed by the Government of India.
National Maternity Benefit
A lump sum cash assistance of Rs. 500 is provided to pregnant women of households Scheme (NMBS)ï¿½ï¿½ below the poverty line up to the first two live births provided they are of 19 years of age and above. The maternity benefit is to be disbursed in one instalment.
In 1999-2000, the Government had announced the launching of a new scheme ï¿½Annapurnaï¿½ to provide food security to those indigent senior citizens who are not covered under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) and who have no income of their own and none to take care of them in the village.
ï¿½Annapurnaï¿½ provides 10 kg. of food grains per month free of cost to all such persons who are eligible for old age pensions under NOAPS but are presently not receiving it and whose children are not residing in the same village.
A Central allocation of Rs.100.00 crore has been earmarked for the scheme in 2000-01. From 2002-03, it has been transferred to State Plan along with the National Social Assistance Programme comprising the National Old Age Pension Scheme and the National Family Benet Scheme. e implementation of the Scheme at the State level rests with the respective States / UTs.
Allocation of food grains under the scheme during the previous years are as under:
|ALLOCATION (in lakh tons)||OFFTAKE (in lakh tons)|
Written by princy