Kaladan Multimodal Transit Transport Project - 9 General Studies Questions for UPSC Prelims & Mains
1.ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ What is the Kaladan Multimodal Transit Transport Project?
The Kaladan Multimodal Transit Transport Project is a significant infrastructure development initiative that aims to connect the eastern Indian seaport of Kolkata with Sittwe seaport in Rakhine State, Myanmar.
2.ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ What is the cost of the project?
The project is expected to cost around US$484 million.
3.ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ What is the route of the project?
The project involves the construction of a sea route between Kolkata and Sittwe, followed by a boat route along the Kaladan river that connects Sittwe to Paletwa in Chin State. From Paletwa, the project will involve the construction of a road linking the region to Mizoram state in Northeast India.
4.ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ What is the status of the project?
According to recent updates, all components of the Kaladan Road Project, including the construction of Sittwe port and power facilities, river dredging, and the building of a jetty in Paletwa, have been completed. However, the construction of the Zorinpui-Paletwa road, which is a crucial part of the project, is still underway.
5.ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ What is the expected completion date of the project?
The end-to-end project was originally scheduled to be completed by 2014, but it is now expected to be fully operational only by March 2023.
6.ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ What are the challenges faced by the project?
The Kaladan Road Project has faced a number of challenges since its inception, including conflicts involving the Chin and Rohingya communities, as well as militant groups such as the Arakan Army and the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA). The project has also been impacted by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, which has caused delays in the construction of the Zorinpui-Paletwa road. Paletwa, which is located less than 20 km from the Bangladesh border, has also been affected by the political situation in Myanmar.
7.ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ What is India's development partnership with Myanmar?
Despite the ongoing political situation in Myanmar, India has completed and handed over a capacity building institution each on information technology and agriculture research in the country.
8.ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ What has the Ministry of External Affairs said about the challenges faced by the Kaladan Multimodal Transit Transport Project?
The Ministry of External Affairs has acknowledged the challenges faced by the project, particularly the security situation in Myanmar and the delays caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the ministry has assured that it is working to address these issues and ensure the successful completion of the project.
9.ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ What is the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA)?
The Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) is a militant group that has links to Pakistanï¿½s Lashkar-e-Toiba and other extremist organizations. The group was responsible for the Kha Maung Seik massacre, in which numerous Hindu Burmese Indians were killed.
Written by princy