As the name suggests, Man-made fibres are the fibres created by man. Man-made fibres (MMF) are mainly of two types namely synthetic and cellulosic. Synthetic fibres are produced from crude oil while cellulosic fibres are from wood pulp.
Key Points for UPSC Prelims
The main varieties of synthetic fibres are Polyester, Acrylic, polyamide, and Polypropylene. Cellulosic fibre includes Viscose fibre, Modal, etc.
Due to the limitation of growing Cotton and other natural fibres, the demand for Man-made Fibre is increasing globally.
At present, out of the total global textile fibre consumption, 72% is held by MMF with natural fibre holding only 28%.
India is the second-largest producer of Man-made fibres (MMF) globally, viscose and polyester being the largest produce.
Indian Government to roll out PLI scheme for MMF and Technical Textiles
Textile Ministry is working towards bringing out a structure to roll out the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for Technical Textiles and MMF.
The ministry is working on the new Textile policy as the last policy in the sector was made almost 2 decades ago.
The Central government launched the PLI scheme worth Rs 1.46 lakh crore for 10 manufacturing sectors with an aim to strengthen domestic manufacturing, reduce dependency on imports, and create jobs.
The PLI scheme is active for 5 years from 2019-20. The financial outlay of each sector is approved for 5 years.
Under the PLI scheme, an amount of Rs 10,683 crore has been allocated for technical textiles segments and man-made Fibre (MMF) segments.
Sectors included in the PLI Scheme
The 10 manufacturing sectors for which the PLI scheme was launched are Textiles, food products, pharmaceutical drugs, automobiles and auto components, capital goods, telecom, technology products, white goods, advanced chemistry cells (ACC), and specialty steel.