Metastatic melanoma occurs when melanoma has spread to other parts of the body through lymphatic system and/or the blood vessels. Melanoma occurs when the pigment-producing cells, melanocytes, become cancerous.
The metastatic melanoma is the leading cause of death from skin cancer. A new study has found a potential breakthrough against this cancer by combining BRAF oncogene inhibitors and chemotherapy. The new approach is also less toxic as the chemotherapy is administered in low doses. Since the treatment eliminates tumour cells rather than stopping their growth, it shortens the lengthy treatment process and reduces the possibility of resistance.