National Migrant Database
The Standing Committee on Home Affairs headed by Senior Leader Anand Sharma adopted the ‘Management of Covid-19 pandemic and related issues’. The Committee noted that a national database of migrant workers should be created at the earliest, to enable the relief measures to reach the beneficiaries in emergency situations like the COVID-19 pandemic.
Key Points for UPSC Prelims
- The Committee also recommended an urgent review of the 123-year-old Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 which was framed during the colonial era.
- As per the committee, the provisions of the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 may have helped during pandemic but they are out-dated and there is a need for updating of the act.
- The Ministry of Home Affairs is already reviewing the provisions of the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
- The Ministry of Labour & Employment has earlier proposed to create a ‘National Database of Unorganised Workers’ (NDUW) seeded with Aadhaar.
- The Union Finance Ministry also gave its approval to create the first-ever national database of migrant labor in November 2020.
National Database of Unorganised Workers (NDUW)
National Database of Unorganized Workers is a database to maintain the data the workers using their 12-digit Aadhaar number. The database will enroll all unorganized workers including migrant laborers. A national database will help the government to provide benefits to the workers and also keeping a track of workers in emergency situations like the recent pandemic.
International Migrants Day
December 18 is observed as International Migrants Day every year to mark the adoption of a resolution on the ‘International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families’ by UNGA (United Nations General Assembly).
The theme of International Migrants Day 2020 is ‘Reimagining Human Mobility’.