O-SMART is the name of a government scheme which was launched in the year 2018 with the aim of setting up an early weather warning system and promoting marine research. It also aims to engage in various marine development activities such as services, technology, resources, science and observations. Ministry of Earth Sciences implements this program.
OSMART is an interdisciplinary, ongoing program. It will enhance national capacity building at the international level in the marine region through extensive research and technological development activities. The program further strengthens ongoing efforts to provide cutting-edge technologies applicable to the marine environment, understands biodiversity for conservation strategies, provides comprehensive coverage and provides forecasting and warning services, etc. The program also aims to engage in marine development activities to provide the technical assistance needed to implement aspects of the Blue Economy.
Objectives of the O-SMART Scheme
The scheme, which includes marine activities, aims to provide continuous observation of the ocean, technological development, exploratory research on the sustainable use of marine resources, and facilitative forecasting and services. Generation and regular updates of information on the relationship between living marine resources and their physical environment in India’s Exclusive Economic Zone. Regular monitoring of seawater pollutants for health assessment of coastal waters in India, development of coastline change maps to assess coastal erosion due to anthropogenic and natural activities. Development of a wide range of state-of-the-art ocean observation systems for collecting real-time data from the oceans around India and testing and testing marine technology. Generation and distribution of various user-oriented marine information, notifications, warnings, data, and data products for the benefit of society. It also looks into the development of high resolution models for ocean forecasting and reanalysis systems. Development of algorithms for validating satellite data for coastal research and monitoring changes in coastal research. Obtain a Coastal Research Vessel (CRV) to monitor coastal pollution, test various underwater components, demonstrate technology, and assist in their operation and maintenance. Development of technologies for the development of marine biological resources, the generation of freshwater and marine energy. It will also look into the construction of ballast water treatment plant. The discharge of ballast water by ships is responsible for introducing invasive species into the ocean by removing water from the port and then releasing it the next time it calls at the port. A multi-metal nodule exploration will be conducted from a depth of 5500 m in an area of ??75,000 km² allocated to India by the United Nations in the central Indian basin, and a gas hydrate survey will be conducted.
Ocean Modelling and Advisory Services, Ocean Technology, Ocean Non-Living Resources, Ocean Observation Network, Coastal Research and Operation, Marine Living Resources and Ecology and Maintenance of Research Vessels are the sub-schemes under the O-SMART scheme.