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For effective public service delivery, there is a need to shift from traditional accountability mechanisms to social accountability mechanisms. In this context, discuss the pre-conditions for the success of social accountability efforts and the challenges associated with them.

Effective public service delivery involves active engagement, participation, inclusivity, and efficient resource utilization, aimed at large public interest. The mechanism for traditional accountability: Parliamentary control over the executive Financial accountability ..

Reservation of Women in the Panchayati Raj institutions (PRIs) is not translated into a corresponding increase in women’s representation in India’s state legislatures. Bringing out the reasons for the same, discuss how the under-representation of women in state legislatures can be corrected.

73rd Constitutional Amendment Act made it mandatory for the states to provide at least 33% reservation for women in PRIs. Some states like Bihar have increased it to 50% as ..

The current urban planning capacities in India are extremely skeletal and need systematic reforms and a change in mindset. Discuss.

Currently, approximately 30% of the Indian population lives in urban spaces. This is set to increase exponentially in the coming years. Challenges posed by rapid and unchecked urbanization: Unplanned urbanization ..

Use of Technology is a welcome step towards improving the efficiency of the judicial system, it must be understood that Technology itself comes with a set of challenges that makes justice even more inaccessible. Discuss.

The two years long covid pandemic led to the physical delivery of Justice to come at a standstill. This led the Judiciary to resort to various technology-led solutions. Use of ..

Despite the legal framework to resolve inter-state river water disputes, why do they continue to exist? Also, discuss measures that can be taken to resolve such disputes in an expeditious and agreeable manner.

Article 262 of the Constitution of India provides that the Parliament may by law provide for the resolution of inter-state water disputes. Also, the Parliament may stipulate that no court ..

Though Multilateral Development Banks are crucial for holistic development of developing nations like India, there are certain legitimate concerns about their functioning. Discuss.

Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) refer to international financial institutions that provide development and other assistance to nations of the world like the World Bank, IMF, BRICS Development Bank, Asian Development ..

Stating the significance of free trade agreements, examine whether they have been as beneficial as expected for India.

Free trade agreements (FTAs) refer to an agreement between two or more nations wherein, countries reduce or eliminate tariff and non-tariff restrictions on certain or all products and services. Some ..

As one of the Recommendations of the NEP 2020, discuss the rationale behind the internationalization of higher education in India and its associated challenges.

The NEP 2020 has set ambitious targets for internationalization of Higher Education viz, getting 100 top universities to set up campuses in India, taking Indian universities to set campuses abroad, ..

Throw light on issues related to poverty measurement in India. Suggest measures to improve on the existing methodologies.

Poverty in a general sense refers to the absence of lack of basic resources like food, clothing, and shelter to live a decent life. Poverty can be classified into absolute ..

Has India succeeded in its mission of Digital India to transform India into a digitally empowered society? Critically analyze.

Digital India program of GOI envisaged building upon 3 pillars viz, Digital infrastructure & network, Digital service delivery system, and digital empowerment of citizens. The success of Digital India: E-governance ..