Section 124A of IPC

Section 124A of the Indian Penal Code is a British-era law that deals with sedition charges. It was introduced by the colonial government in 1870 to suppress the dissidents. Those convicted under this law face imprisonment and/or fine. Prominent personalities like Mahatma Gandhi, Tilak, Nehru and others were charged under this law.
The provision was challenged at the Supreme Court recently with regards to its constitutional validity and its adverse impact on Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution, which gives Indian citizens the freedom of speech and expression. Its constitutional validity was previously upheld by the apex court, though it had tried to curb its misuse.

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