Section 66A of IT Act
Section 66A of the Information Technology Act, 2000 was introduced in 2008 by the Central Government. It empowers the government to arrest and imprison individuals who are posting offensive and menacing contents online. If convicted under this provision, it could result in a maximum of 3 years imprisonment. This laws ambiguity has long been criticised and debated.
The provision was struck down by the Supreme Court since it was found to be violating Article 19(1)(a) and not saved under Article 19(2). Despite this landmark ruling, it was continued to be used by law enforcement agencies in various states. The Central Government has directed states to not register cases under this repealed provision and withdraw any of the cases that were filed under it.