Silent Valley National Park

A recent bird survey conducted at the Silent Valley National Park in the state of Kerala, India has identified a total of 141 species of birds, 17 of which were previously unknown to have been present in the park.

  • The survey brings the total number of known bird species at Silent Valley to 175. Silent Valley National Park is home to a wide range of flora and fauna, including tigers, leopards, elephants, snakes, lion-tailed macaques, and Malabar giant squirrels, as well as over 1,000 species of flowering plants and 110 species of orchids.
  • The park is also home to 400 species of moths and 200 species of butterflies, as well as 128 species of beetles, 10 of which were previously unknown to science.

History of Silent Valley National Park

  • Silent Valley National Park was initially declared a reserved forest in 1914, and was later designated as a national park in 1984.
  • Located in the northeast corner of the Palakkad district in Kerala, the park was named after the Pandavas, the main characters of the Hindu epic Mahabharata, who are believed to have hidden in the forest while escaping their cruel cousins, the Kauravas. The Kunthippuzha River, which flows through the park, is named after Kunthi, the mother of the Pandavas.
  • The park covers a total area of 89.52 sq km in its core zone, which was expanded to 148 sq km with the addition of a buffer zone in 2007.
  • It is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, which was designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2012.

Flora and Fauna at Silent Valley National Park

  • Silent Valley National Park is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, with many species found nowhere else in the world. The park is known for its wide variety of moths and butterflies, as well as its abundant orchid population.
  • In addition to these, the park is home to a number of threatened and endangered species, including the lion-tailed macaque and the Malabar giant squirrel.

Silent Valley National Park is a unique and biodiverse ecosystem that is home to a wide range of plant and animal species. The recent bird survey has added 17 new species to the known list of birds present in the park, bringing the total number to 175. The park is an important part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, a World Heritage Site designated by UNESCO in 2012, and is home to many threatened and endangered species, as well as a diverse range of plant and insect life.

 

Written by IAS POINT

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