Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC)
For the success of any targeted approach, the identification of the real beneficiaries is of paramount importance. In line with this approach, the Dr. N. C. Saxena Committee was constituted to advise on the methodology for a BPL census in rural areas. Since June 2011, for the first time through a comprehensive door-to-door enumeration in both rural and urban India, authentic information is being made available on the socio-economic condition and educational status of various castes and sections through the SECC. s exercise will help better target government schemes to the right beneficiaries and ensure that all eligible beneficiaries are covered, while all ineligible beneficiaries are excluded. Households identified as highly deprived will have the highest inclusion priority under government welfare schemes. Use of the Aadhar number in various beneficiary-oriented social sector programmes will also check duplications.
The SECC 2011 is being conducted simultaneously for rural and urban areas by the respective states, with technical and financial support from the Government of India. Enumeration under SECC 2011 has been completed in 2,339,926 enumeration blocks (EBs) comprising 94.26 per cent of the total EBs of all the states as on 31 December 2012. The government has constituted an Expert Committee under the chairpersonship of Professor Abhijit Sen, Member Planning Commission, to examine the SECC indicators and the data analysis and recommend appropriate methodologies for determining classes of beneficiaries for different rural development programmes. It will consult states, experts, and civil society organizations while arriving at these methodologies.
SC Sub Plan Gets more
In the budget 2016-17 significant increase has also been made in the allocation of SC Sub Plan. Rs. 38,832 crore has been allocated under this head, while in the last budget this allocation was only Rs. 30,000 crore.
To make public spaces accessible to the persons with disabilities, Rs.193 crore has been exclusively allotted in the budget 2016-17. Prominent public spaces including Government buildings will made accessible, by the end of the current fiscal year. Service Tax on the ‘Niramaya’ Health Insurance scheme launched by National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disability has been exempted.
The five communities—Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, and Parsis—notified as minority communities constitute 18.42 per cent of the total population of the country. The plan outlay for the development of minorities was raised from Rs. 2850 crore in 2011-12 to Rs. 3135 crore in 2012-13. e Multi-sectoral Development Programmes, a special areas development initiative to address the ‘development’ especially in education, skill development, employment, health and sanitation, housing, and drinking water in 90 minority concentration districts (MCDs), was launched in 2008-9. Projects worth Rs. 3734 crore were approved during the Eleventh Plan. The outlay for this Programmes is Rs. 1000 crore in 2012-13.
The authorized share capital of the National Minorities Development and Finance Corporation (NMDFC) has been raised from Rs. 650 crore in 2006-7 to Rs. 1500 crore in 2010-11 for expanding its loan and micro finance operations to promote self-employment and other economic ventures among backward sections of the minority communities. An amount of Rs. 99.64 crore has been released to the NMDFC during 2012- 13. The Prime Minister’s New 15 Point Programmes for Welfare of Minorities which earmarks 15 per cent of targets/ outlays for minorities in many important schemes aims at ensuring the equitable of benefits of education, employment, and basic infrastructure schemes to minorities. 13.46 The corpus of the Maulana Azad Education Foundation (MAEF) had been enhanced from Rs. 100 crore in 2005-6 to Rs. 750 crore till March 2012. Fund allocation has been enhanced from Rs. 1190 crore in 2011-12 to Rs. 1620 crore in 2012-13 for three scholarships schemes, Pre-Matric, Post-Matric, and Metric-cum-means based, which are being implemented exclusively for the notified minorities.
Two schemes, viz. (i) the Maulana Azad National Fellowship for Minority Students, with an allocation of Rs. 70 crore in 2012-13 and (ii) Computerization of Records of State Wakf Boards, with an allocation of Rs. 5 crore in 2012-13, are under implementation since 2009-10. There is also a scheme for Leadership Development of Minority Women with an allocation of Rs. 15 crore for 2012-13.
Persons with Disabilities
Persons with disabilities are a valuable human resource for the country. For the physical rehabilitation, educational and economic development, and social empowerment of differently abled persons many schemes are in operation. According to Census 2001, there were 2.19 crore males and 0.93 crore females, who constitute 2.13 per cent of the total population; with 75 per cent living in rural areas; 49 per cent literate; and only 34 per cent employed. Some important schemes for the welfare of disabled persons include the following:
Scheme of Assistance to Disabled Persons for Purchase/Fitting of Aids/Appliances (ADIP): e ADIP was launched to assist needy disabled persons in procuring durable, sophisticated, and scientifically manufactured, modern, standard aids and appliances that can promote their physical, social, and psychological rehabilitation, by reducing the effects of disabilities, and enhance their economic potential. During 2012-13(till 31.12.2012) Rs. 32.60 crore had been released to the implementing agencies against a Plan outlay of Rs. 100 crore for the scheme. Every year around 2 lakh persons with disabilities are provided assistive devices.