Grant-in-Aid under Article 275 (1)
Grants in Aid under Article 275(1) is a Central Sector Scheme under which 100 per cent financial assistance is being provided to the States through the nodal Ministry of Tribal Airs. The funds are released based on specific projects, such as raising the critical infrastructure and enhancement of Human Development Indices of STs to bridging the gaps between STs and general population. The outlay for grants-in-aid under Article 275(1) during 2012-13 is Rs.1317 crore.
Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)
There are 75 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) earlier known as Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs), in need of categorical attention in view of their fragile living conditions emerging out of their prevailing socio-economic backwardness, vulnerability and diminishing numbers. In order to address to their specific needs and problems, the ï¿½Scheme of Development for PVTGsï¿½ is being implemented with able terms.
Scheduled Caste Sub-Plan (SCSP) was originally introduced in 1979 under the name Special Component Plan which has been renamed as Scheduled Caste Sub Plan to bring the nomenclature in line with the Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) introduced in 1975. The objective is to build on potential strengths of the SCs and STs through their overall socio-economic development. The prime objective of Scheduled Caste Sub Plan (SCSP) is to channelize funds and benefits through identified schemes. TSP has set the twin objectives: (i) socioeconomic development of STs; and (ii) protection of tribals against exploitation. Through realisation of these objectives, the ultimate aim of the TSP strategy is to narrow the development gap of the tribals with the rest of the country. In the budget for 2016-17 significant increase has also been made in the allocation of SCSP. Rs. 38,832 crore has been allocated under this head, while in the 2015-16 budget this allocation was only Rs. 30,000 crore.
Objectives of Scheduled Caste Sub-Plan (SCSP) and Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP)
- Substantial reduction in poverty and un employment of the SCs and STs;
- Creation of productive assets in their favour and provide them with livelihood opportunities on a sustainable basis;
- Human resource development of the SCs and the STs by providing adequate educational and health services; and Provision of social, physical and financial security to them against all types of exploitation and oppression.
- The reasons for underperformance of TSP are : (i) Lack of unified planning, implementation and monitoring mechanism (ii) Lack of effective mechanism to gel central plan TSP funds and State Plan TSP Funds (iii) Scattered financial resources used in a scattered manner (iv) Lack of location specific perspective plan (v) Lack of gap analysis (vi) Weakening of institutions specially meant for delivery of goods and services to tribal population i.e. Integrated Tribal Development Agency (ITDA)
- Integrated Tribal Development Projects / Tribal Research Institutes (TRI) and other Micro Projects. (vii) Utilization of TSP funds was more ritualistic than outcome based initiative (viii) Inadequate and insult administrative and financial powers with the Tribal Welfare Departments in the States and Ministry of Tribal Airs at Centre.
Written by princy