The United Kingdom (UK) and Japan have signed a research and technology deployment collaboration. Under this collaboration, a new robotics and automation techniques will be developed. This new technique will be used for decommissioning the nuclear and fusion energy production in both the countries that has been damaged by Tsunamis and earthquakes.
- It is a robotics project that will speed up the decommissioning of the non-operational reactors.
- The reactors include the TEPCOâ€™s Fukushima Dai-ichi reactor in Japan and Sellafield reactor in the UK.
- These reactors will be decommissioned using a long-reach robotic arm. It uses a long-reach robotic arms so it is called as the â€œLongOps Projectâ€.
- The project has been designed in a way that it reduces the risks to human health.
- The project will be implemented at a cost of 12 million Euros (Rs 120 crores).
Significance of the project
- The project will help in faster dismantling of the non-operational nuclear reactors.
- The project will also help in improving and dismantling the nuclear fusion facilities like Joint European Torus.
Joint European Torus
It is a nuclear fusion experiment which is based in Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, in the United Kingdom. This is the first reactor that run on the production fuel of 50-50 mix of tritium and deuterium. However, this project was decommissioned in the year 2009 and adopted the concepts used in ITER project.
It is the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor. It is an international nuclear fusion research and engineering megaproject. It is the world’s largest magnetic confinement plasma physics experiment. The project has been started with the objective of demonstrating the scientific and technological feasibility of fusion energy for its peaceful use. The countries which are part of the reactor include China, Japan, European Union, Russia, United States, South Korea and India.