UN – CND
The United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) is an inter-governmental organization that formulates policies and guidelines regarding Drugs and Narcotics. It was formed on 15th Feb 1946 and is headquartered in Vienna, Austria.
- It is an organization that was formed by the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) for providing assistance in supervising the implementation of drug control treaties.
- Later, it was made the governing body of the UN International Drug Control Programme by the General Assembly.
- It has certain functional and treaty-based responsibilities under various international drug control conventions.
- CND has a membership of 53 countries, which serve a term of 4 years each. Decisions are made in UNCND following the procedures followed in the ECOSOC.
- India is also a member of UN-CND.
UN CND reclassifies Cannabis
Recently, in the 63rd session of the United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs, the members of the organization have voted in favor of removing ‘Cannabis’ from Schedule IV of the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. Out of the total 53 members of the organization, 27 members including the US and India voted to remove it while 25 voted to retain it as a dangerous drug.
Countries that opposed the removal of cannabis from Schedule IV included Pakistan and China also. However, as per voting, cannabis has now been reclassified.
This decision has been made on the basis of recommendations provided by the World Health Organisation which highlighted that cannabis has a major role in wellness therapies.
What does it mean for India?
India has voted to remove ‘Cannabis’ from Schedule IV of the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. However, this vote for classifying cannabis as a non-dangerous drug does not mean that the laws in India for cannabis have changed. It can only happen when any amendment is made by the country in the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act.
Written by IAS POINT