UPSC Interview Questions: International Year of Millets

1. Why has the United Nations declared 2023 as the International Year of Millets?
The United Nations declared 2023 as the International Year of Millets at the initiative of India, which also accounts for a fifth of the world’s millets production.
2. What are the nutritional advantages of millets compared to rice and wheat?
Millets have a higher content of minerals, vitamins, and dietary fiber, as well as a more favorable amino acid profile compared to rice and wheat. They are also gluten-free and have more fiber than wheat.
3. How do millets compare to rice and wheat in terms of crop hardiness and water requirements?
Millets have a shorter growing duration, lower water requirement, and ability to grow in poor soils and hilly terrain compared to rice and wheat.
4. Why are millets not the first choice for consumers and farmers in India?
For consumers, millets are not as easily rolled into rotis as wheat and are not as aspirational as rice and wheat. For farmers, low per-hectare yields and lack of government procurement at minimum support price make them less attractive to grow compared to rice, wheat, sugarcane, and cotton.
5. What are some ways the government can promote millets in India?
The government can promote millets through procurement at minimum support price, creation of a millets mission, infrastructure development, and providing financial assistance to farmers for millets cultivation.
6. How can the processing and marketing of millets be improved in India?
Processing and marketing of millets can be improved through the creation of millets hubs, value addition, and branding and packaging.
7. What are some ways millets can be promoted in the international market?
Millets can be promoted in the international market through the creation of a millets forum, participation in international fairs and exhibitions, and development of export policies.
8. How can the public and private sectors work together to promote millets in India?
The public and private sectors can work together through public-private partnerships, contracts between farmers and processors, and the creation of a millets board.
9. How can millets be incorporated into school and mid-day meal programs in India?
Millets can be incorporated into school and mid-day meal programs through the use of millets flour in chapatis, development of millets-based recipes, and providing education on the nutritional benefits of millets.
10. What are some challenges to the promotion of millets in India and how can they be addressed?
Some challenges to the promotion of millets in India include low awareness of millets among consumers, lack of infrastructure and processing facilities, and low adoption by farmers. These challenges can be addressed through awareness campaigns, infrastructure development, and providing financial assistance and training to farmers.

Written by princy

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