UPSC Prelims Paper-1: Approach to History of India and Indian National Movement

The history of India and the Indian national movement are of crucial importance for UPSC Civil Services Prelims as well as Mains Examination.

The history of India is a rich and varied one, with a diverse range of cultures and civilizations having shaped the country over the millennia. From the ancient Indus Valley Civilization to the Mughal Empire and the British Raj, India has been shaped by a variety of political, economic, and cultural forces. Understanding the history of India is crucial for those aspiring to public service, as it helps to provide context for the challenges and opportunities facing the country today.

Though questions are asked on ancient, medieval as well as modern; UPSC typically gives more weightage to Indian national movement or freedom struggle was a period of intense political and social upheaval that ultimately led to the independence of India from British rule in 1947. Led by figures such as Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, B. R. Ambedkar, Tilak, Bhagat Singh and many more, the movement was characterized by non-violent resistance and civil disobedience, as well as calls for social reform and equality. The national movement was a major driving force behind the creation of the modern Indian state and is an important part of India’s national identity.

  • One approach to studying the history of India and the Indian national movement is to focus on key events and themes. For example, during ancient times, the Maurya, Kushana, Gupta empires shaped the country’s culture and politics of that time. Similarly, the Sultanate and Mughal Empire was important period in India’s medieval history while British Raj, which lasted from 1858 to 1947, had a major impact on India’s economy and society, and is an important period to study for those interested in understanding the roots of contemporary India.
  • Another approach is to focus on key figures and their contributions to the history of India and the national movement. Gandhi, for example, played a central role in the independence movement through his philosophy of non-violent resistance. Nehru, who served as India’s first prime minister after independence, is also an important figure to study, as his vision of a modern, secular, and democratic India has shaped the country’s political and economic development.
  • In addition to studying key events and figures, it is also important to consider the broader social and cultural context in which these events and figures operated. This includes examining the role of religion, caste, gender, and other social identities in shaping the history of India and the national movement.
  • Finally, it is important to consider the legacy of the history of India and the national movement in contemporary India. This includes examining the challenges and opportunities facing the country today, as well as the ways in which the history of India and the national movement continue to shape the country’s political, economic, and social development.

Overall, the history of India and the Indian national movement are crucial topics for those aspiring to Civil Servants. By studying these topics, candidates can gain a deeper understanding of the country’s past and present and be better equipped to address the challenges and opportunities facing India in the future.

Written by princy

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